There's another special pawn capture you need to know before you go any further.
This rule is really hard to understand so you might need to go through it several times.
Watch this very carefully.
There you are, the pawn coloured red, standing there on e5.
That's YOUR FIFTH RANK.
On the NEXT FILE there's a black pawn who has not yet moved.
Remember, he can move forward either ONE or TWO squares.
Now the black pawn chooses to move forward TWO squares - from d7 to d5.
What happens now is this:
You can, IF YOU LIKE, say to him as he passes the d6 square:
"STOP RIGHT THERE. I'M GOING TO TAKE YOU WHILE YOU PASS THAT SQUARE."
And that's exactly what you do.
And here's the position once you've made the capture.
Let's explain again how it works.
YOU HAVE A PAWN ON YOUR FIFTH RANK.
YOUR OPPONENT HAS AN UNMOVED PAWN ON THE NEXT FILE.
IF HE MOVES THAT PAWN TWO SQUARES YOU CAN, ON YOUR NEXT MOVE, TAKE IT AS IF IT MOVED ONE SQUARE.
OK?
Now look at it from the other side of the chessboard.
There you are, standing on b2 minding your own business.
There's a black pawn on c4 waiting to take you if you move to b3.
But he'll also take you if you move to b4.
Just watch what happens.
Here's the position if you move TWO SQUARES FORWARD, to b4.
Don't forget that BLACK'S FIFTH RANK is the rank numbered 4 on your board.
He can take you by moving to b3 and removing YOU from the board.
So watch out!!
And here's the position after you've been taken.
This is called the EN PASSANT RULE.
That's French - it means IN PASSING, which might help you remember it.
The rule is hard to remember - and easy to forget.
If you need to refresh your memory come back here any time.
That's the end of the lesson.
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