In this lesson we're going to look at the BISHOP.

The BISHOP is a bit like the ROOK because they both move in straight lines.

This is what a BISHOP does.

It moves DIAGONALLY as far as it likes.North East and North West, South East and South West.

These are the squares it can move to on an empty board. Count them: there are 13.

A BISHOP can only move to 13 squares from the middle of the board. Put it in the corner and it can only move to 7 squares!

You'll see that all the squares the BISHOP can move to are WHITE. A BISHOP that starts on a WHITE SQUARE stays on a WHITE SQUARE all its life. And a BISHOP that starts on a BLACK SQUARE stays on a BLACK SQUARE all its life as well.

Like the ROOK but unlike the PAWN, the BISHOP captures in the same way as it moves.

In this position the BISHOP can CAPTURE the Black pawn on c6.

The BISHOP cannot jump over other pieces. In this position the White pawn on f3 stops the BISHOP moving to g2 or h1 and the White pawn on c2 stops the BISHOP moving to b1.

Note also that if the BISHOP moved to d5 it would be CAPTURED by the Black pawn on c6, so this move would not be safe.

Easy, isn't it?

That's the end of the lesson.

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